Sandfly Bay Beach Otago
Photo by Catriona Ward

The Outdoor Access Code

Outdoor Access Code is a set of guidelines for accessing and enjoying outdoor spaces in New Zealand. It explains how people can access these areas in a responsible and respectful manner while considering the safety and welfare of others and the environment.

The code covers topics such as obtaining permission to access private land, being considerate of landowners and other users, respecting cultural values and heritage sites, and taking care not to damage or disturb the natural environment. It also provides guidance on activities like camping, hunting, fishing, and horse riding.

The code promotes responsible and sustainable outdoor recreation while protecting the rights and interests of landowners, the environment, and other users.

Read the Outdoor Access Code online

The Outdoor Access Code

Outdoor access rights and responsibilities flyer

The New Zealand Outdoor Access Code Brochure in simplified Chinese

For the public

New Zealand has stunning rivers, mountains, lakes, forests and beaches. But not all have public access. Before you walk, fish, hunt or ride, check where you can go and what you’re allowed to do.

Respect other people’s property

  • Always ask permission before accessing private land.
  • Leave gates as you find them.
  • Don’t damage fences. If there’s no gate or stile, go through the wires or climb over at posts.
  • Don’t disturb farm animals or walk through crops.
  • Report damage or stock in difficulty to landholders. Leave the environment as you found it
  • Take extreme care with fires, and be sure you have permission or a permit if required.
  • Take litter home and bury toilet waste away from waterways.

Consider others

  • Keep dogs under control and do not leave their faeces behind.
  • Be courteous when driving motor vehicles and stick to formed roads.
  • Control your speed when cycling or horse riding and let others know you are passing.
  • Be extra safe with firearms. Follow the Firearms Safety Code.

Respect Māori land

  • If you want to access Māori land, Māori Land Online can help you find who to ask for permission.
    Māori Land Online
  • Respect sites significant to Māori and learn local tikanga (customary values). These may differ from place to place.

For landholders

Access to the great outdoors is a wonderful part of New Zealand’s culture. As a landholder, you can grant or refuse permission to access the land you own or manage. Granting access allows visitors to enjoy the outdoors. But there are also good reasons why you may sometimes refuse access.

Be reasonable

  • Respond reasonably when people ask for access.
  • Explain any reasons for refusal and why you have set conditions.
  • Respect people’s public access rights, such as using unformed legal roads and marginal strips.
  • Remember, people can use unformed legal roads and marginal strips that provide access, even when they are not easy to identify.

Consider safety

  • Warn visitors about any out-of-the-ordinary hazards on your land arising from work activities, such as tree felling or blasting.

Work with local authorities and recreation groups

  • Join with others to help manage access issues and make it easier for the public to understand their rights.
  • Work with others to provide tracks and signs to mark public areas people can access.
  • If you want to signpost a granted access route across your property, Herenga ā Nuku can help. We provide free signs to members of Federated Farmers New Zealand and Rural Women New Zealand.