Types of access
Unformed Legal Roads
The public has a right to use unformed legal roads, colloquially known as paper roads, to access the outdoors.
Types of legal public access
There are many different types of legal public access. This page details some of the main ones you are likely to encounter.
Rivers, lakes and coast
Public access along rivers, lakes and the coast - including marginal strips, esplanade reserves, esplanade strips and access strips. The effects of erosion on access.
Walking on Crown-owned land
Conservation land administered by DOC is usually open to walking access but there are some exceptions to this.
Publicly accessible tracks established under the Walking Access Act 2008 and declared as walkways in the New Zealand Gazette.
Crossing private land
You must get permission from the landholder to cross private land. There's no 'right to roam' in New Zealand.
Gaining permission to access Māori land
Māori land is privately-owned land and does not have public access rights. Permission must be sought from the owners or those authorised by them.